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Difference between Cast the first stone and Lay the first stone

cast the first stonebe the first to bring an accusation against a person:

  • Let those of the respectable press who are without sin, cast the first stone.

lay the first stonelay the foundation of smth.:

  • It was Hughes who laid, in 1877, the first stone of radiographic practice by his detailed experiments.

Note: The expression is not equivalent in meaning to the phrase make the first stepperform the first move in a course of action towards attaining a goal:

  • Come, let us make the first step towards our wealth.