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Mention vs Name vs Instance vs Specify

Mentionnameinstancespecify are comparable when they mean to make clear or specific by referring to something explicitly.

Mention indicates a calling attention to, usually by name where possible, sometimes by a brief, cursory, or incidental reference.

Name implies clear mention of a name and therefore may suggest greater explicitness.

Instance may indicate clear explicit reference or definite emphasis as a typical example or special case.

Specify implies statement so explicit, detailed, and specific that misunderstanding is impossible.