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Hate vs Hatred

Hatehatred are not always interchangeable although they both denote intense, settled dislike for a person or thing that causes one either to avoid him or it scrupulously or to be his or its bitter enemy.

Hate is the preferable term when the emotion is thought of in the abstract as the diametrical opposite of love or when the term is used without reference to particular individuals.

In concrete use hate is seldom found outside of poetry except when contrasted with love, also in concrete use; it then denotes the object of one’s hate.

Hatred is the preferable term when the emotion referred to is actually experienced and is therefore personal and individual in character; hate is definable because men are in agreement concerning its distinguishing marks, but hatred escapes exact definition because its implications, other than that of intense dislike, can be gathered only from the context or with reference to its object.

Usually it implies in addition one or more such emotions as antipathy, aversion, rancor, vindictiveness, resentment, or fear.

Hatred also is often used in reference to its effect on the one who is hated; in such cases the nature of the emotion is not stressed, but its power to harm.

In concrete use hatred usually denotes a particular instance (as of obsession by the emotion of hatred or of suffering as a result of another’s hatred).