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Difference between Fable, Legend, Myth and Parable

A fable is a simple, short, narrative story with animals as characters designed to enforce some useful truth or moral.

A legend is an unverified story handed down from earlier times.

A myth is a story usually dealing with a superhuman being and events that have no natural explanation.

A parable also relates to a moral lesson, usually religious, and uses human characters to relay its message.