Epigram is a short humorous saying.
- Oscar Wilde wrote the epigram: “I can resist everything except temptation.”
Epigraph is a brief quotation at the beginning of a book or an inscription on a monument, statue, or building.
- The epigraph to E. M. Forster’s novel Howards End is “Only connect!”
Epitaph is a tribute to a dead person inscribed on a gravestone.
- A famous epitaph on a poker player’s gravestone reads, “He played five aces, now he plays the harp.”
Epithet is a short descriptive word or phrase applied to a person.
- Bravery earned Richard Coeur de Lion the epithet ‘Lionheart’.